Whether you’re new to enterprise wearables or trying to grow your knowledge base, our augmented reality glossary can help. We’ve identified and defined more than 50 frequently used terms related to augmented reality and enterprise wearables to help you better understand the industry.


360 Video

Also known as immersive or spherical video, video that captures all 360 degrees of a scene at the same time. During playback, a user can control the viewing direction and pan and rotate to watch it from different angles. Enterprises are increasingly using 360 video to create virtual environments for communication, marketing, and training purposes.


Assisted Reality

Software that seamlessly connects people with data, such as reference manuals, diagrams, checklists, images, and video, by placing it directly within their line of sight. Assisted reality is an efficient and practical solution for a vast majority of industrial scenarios that would benefit from the convenience of hands-free display.

Did you know?

Boeing uses assisted reality to be more competitive in the critical area of complex assembly. Since deploying wearables in its wiring harness assembly process, the aerospace giant has reported a 25% improvement in production speed, while reducing errors to zero.

Augmented Reality (AR)

Technology that uses applications to superimpose digital information over a natural, existing environment. Information is tailored to the context and space that a user works in and can be used to help solve problems and complete tasks. A report from Juniper Research shows that the use of AR applications in the enterprise will grow to $2.4 billion in 2019, up from $247 million in 2014.


Binocular Smart Glasses

epson smart glassesSmart glasses, like Epson BT-200, that feature an optical display for each eye. Binocular products offer the ability to put augmented reality data over everything the user sees and enables them to “see through” what is being displayed.

Body-Worn Devices

Wearable technology worn on the body. Compared to wrist-worn devices, body-worn devices allow workers to stay focused on their work and access a system’s information in a hands-free manner. Examples of body-worn devices include smart glasses, VR headsets, hearables, wearable cameras, Wi-Fi enabled clothing, and health monitors.

Did you know?

ABI Research forecasts enterprise wearable shipments of body-worn devices will surge from 20 million in 2016 to more than 116 million in 2021.

Brilliant Factory

colorful factory graphic drawingCoined by GE, and also known as a Smart Factory, it is an approach to manufacturing that uses smart technologies such as wearables, robotics, automation, and assisted/ virtual reality to connect machines to the Industrial Internet. A combination of hardware, software, and data, this approach enables machines to work more efficiently and intelligently with increased speed, less waste, and no unplanned downtime.


Connected Worker

The use of smart technology and the Internet of Things (IoT) to connect people to the information they need to do their job as well as possible. The connected worker can take many forms—factory worker, miner, emergency responder, freight carrier, and more. Just as the type of worker varies, so do their needs and devices such as smart glasses, head-mounted displays, and more.


Data Glove

Also known as a wired glove, it is a type of wearable worn on the hand. Wired with delicate sensors that connect to a computer, it is an interactive device that can be used to capture physical data and facilitate fine-motion control in robotics and virtual reality. Some wired gloves can also provide haptic feedback, which is a simulation of the sense of touch.


Enterprise Mobility Management (EMM)

A combination of people, processes, and technology dedicated to managing and securing mobile devices, wireless networks, and other mobile computing services in a business setting. Integral to enabling the connected worker, EMM solutions help optimize operations, increase productivity, and help satisfy the demand for anytime, anywhere access to information.

Did you know?

In 2016, Upskill announced a partnership with VMware AirWatch. Together they delivered the first fully integrated enterprise solution for managing deployment and support for smart glasses.

Eye Tracking

Also known as gaze tracking, a sensor technology that calculates exactly where your eyes gaze or focus. Eye tracking devices can be used to better understand human behavior, enable hands-free interaction, and create user experiences that are more intuitive and efficient for the
people who use them.

Did you know?

The eye is the fastest moving organ in the human body.


Field of View (FOV)

The actual distance across your viewing field, from left to right—it is the extent of what you can see at any given moment. One of the unique benefits of smart glasses is the ability to display critical information right in your FOV, enabling you to work hands-free.

Fourth Industrial Revolution

Similar to Industry 4.0, the Fourth Industrial Revolution is the fourth major industrial era since the initial industrial revolution in the 18th century. It is defined by cyber-physical systems that combine physical, digital, and biological worlds.

Did you know?

In 2016, Upskill was named a Technology Pioneer by the World Economic Forum. Upskill was selected for its potential to significantly impact business and society through new technologies and advance the Fourth Industrial Revolution.



A feature in a software program that uses the global positioning system (GPS), radio frequency identification (RFID), Wi-Fi, or Bluetooth beacons to define geographical boundaries. Geofencing can be employed to safeguard assets by allowing people different levels of access to information based on their location. Other uses include tracking employees, connecting with customers, and enhancing overall workplace management.

Google Glass

blue google glassesAn optical head-mounted display designed to mimic the look and feel of standard eyeglasses. Introduced in 2013, it was developed by Google X (now X), with a mission to promote anywhere, anytime computing. Built to handle a wide range of use cases, Skylight and Google Glass are being employed in the enterprise to enable faster operations, fewer defects, greater uptime, and better compliance.


In 2016, Google released its second generation device, Google Glass Enterprise Edition.


In 2019, Google launched its third-generation wearable, Glass Enterprise Edition 2 featuring updated battery life, swap-able frames, and Qualcomm’s first wearable focused CPU.



One of the key benefits of wearable technology in the enterprise. Wearables offer the ability to deliver data right into your line of sight and respond to voice commands so you can stay focused and keep your hands on the job.

Did you know?

GE Renewable Energy uses augmented reality on smart glasses for complex assembly so their technicians can work hands-free.


Technology that applies tactile sensation and control to interactions with computer applications.

Did you know?

In traditional video game controllers, “rumble” is often used to produce tactile feedback.

Head-Mounted Display (HMD)

The hardware responsible for creating a virtual reality experience. HMD can take many forms, including a headpiece, helmet, glasses, or goggles.

Head Tracking

Similar to eye tracking, a sensor technology that monitors the positioning and orientation of your head. When navigating a virtual reality experience, it’s what enables you to look to left, right, up, or down and experience the world that’s been created.

Heads-Up Display (HUD)

Any transparent display that displays superimposed, visual information onto a medium usually located at the same level of your usual focal point. A key advantage of heads-up display is safety. It provides access to information in a manner that allows you to stay focused on the task at hand such as driving—without diverting your attention. Originally developed for military aviation, HUDs are being used today in commercial aircraft, automobiles, and other enterprise applications.


Industrial Internet of Things (IIot)

The application of the Internet of Things (IoT)—a network of intelligent computers, devices, and objects that collect and share huge amounts of data — to the manufacturing industry. By leveraging automation and intelligent, connected devices, the IIoT is set to revolutionize how factories work — making it possible to do more at faster speeds and more efficiently than ever.

Image Distance

Your perceived distance from a particular object being viewed in a virtual reality or augmented reality environment.


The perception of physically being present in a virtual reality environment. With VR, the sights, sounds, and perceived feelings that surround you create the perception that you are actually there.

Industry 4.0

A German government initiative, which identifies with the fourth industrial revolution—one we are currently living in. Industry 4.0 creates a “Smart Factory.” It combines advanced manufacturing techniques with cloud computing and the Internet of Things, to form a digital manufacturing enterprise that is not only interconnected but it also communicates, evaluates, and uses information to optimize operations in the physical world.

Internet of Things (IoT)

A network of intelligent computers, devices, and objects that collect and share huge amounts of data. The IoT allows objects to be sensed or controlled remotely, without requiring human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction. Enterprises are using the IoT to improve operations, increase safety and security, streamline operations, and gain valuable data insight.



The delay between action and reaction. In virtual reality applications, low latency is fundamentally important in order to deliver optimal experiences that the eyes and brain accept as “real.”


Machine Learning

A type of artificial intelligence that enables computers to learn without being explicitly programmed. Industries, such as financial services, government, healthcare, marketing, and sales, that work with large amounts of data are recognizing the value of machine learning technology and using it to glean insights–often in real time–to work more efficiently or gain a competitive advantage.

Markerless Augmented Reality (AR)

Markerless AR eliminates the need for 3D object tracking systems. This technique allows the use of any part of the physical environment as the base for the placement of superimposed virtual objects.

Microsoft Hololens

microsoft hololens deviceA mixed reality headset that combines virtual reality with the ability to engage with and personalize your surroundings via holograms. Holograms in mixed reality makes it possible to visualize and work with digital content as part of your real world.

Mixed Reality (MR)

Computer technologies, such as the Microsoft Hololens headset, that blend together people, places, and objects from the physical and digital worlds to produce new environments and visualizations in real time. Sometimes referred to as hybrid reality, MR is being applied by a variety of industries to enable workforces and expedite processes.

Mobile Device Management (MDM)

An industry term for the administration of mobile devices, such as smart phones, tablets, and laptop computers. MDM is a technology-enabled business discipline in which business and IT organizations work together to ensure the uniformity, accuracy, stewardship, consistency, and accountability of the company’s official, shared, master data assets.

Did you know?

In 2016, KPN was awarded the MWC Glomo Award for the Best Enterprise Mobile Solution. Using Skylight in their data center operations, KPN reduced costs by 11%.

Monocular Smart Glasses

Smart glasses, like Google Glass, that feature a single lens on the right eye. Monocular products offer the ability to view content just outside of your field of view, allowing you to see information about the objects without switching your gaze.


Optical Character Recognition (OCR)

Technology that enables you to convert different types of typed, handwritten, or printed text documents into machine-readable information. Optical character recognition in the enterprise reduces manual keying and paper handling, accelerates business processing, and improves data quality.



A 360° photo you take with your camera, capturing every single point around you. Frequently used in virtual reality.


Real-Time Video Streaming

Content that is delivered to and displayed in real time. Real-time video streaming makes it easier for companies to communicate and collaborate and is ideal for corporate communications, training programs, and marketing campaigns.

RealWear HMT-1

realwear hmt-1 deviceA head-mounted tablet that provides hands-free access to information. Designed for skilled technicians and engineers in field service, equipment inspection, maintenance, and complex manufacturing assembly, the rugged headset can be worn directly on the head or hard hat and works with safety glasses and goggles.

Refresh Rate

The number of times per second that a device updates its data.

Remote Collaboration

user with 2 computer monitors looking at shared screenThe ability to share video and audio with colleagues in real time. Remote collaboration enables over-the-shoulder coaching and immediate access to colleagues and experts, which can help improve productivity and reduce risk for errors.


Sensing Technology

Technology that employs sensors to detect and respond to some type of input, such as motion, moisture, light, heat, pressure, sound, from the physical environment. Sensor technology is currently being used by enterprises to collect valuable data, increase efficiencies, and reduce operational costs.

Smart Glasses

Wearable computer glasses that display information for the user. From field technicians to nurses to museum curators, smart glasses are being used in a wide variety of industries to help complete tasks, enable active learning, and assist with complex problem solving.

Did you know?

Forrester Research predicts by 2025 8% of all U.S. workers will be utilizing smart glasses. Gartner projects smart glasses in the field-service industry will save companies $1 billion yearly starting in 2017.



Also referred to as “see what I see,” a set of technologies that make it possible for a person to be virtually present and see what is happening in a location different than their own. Telepresence technologies are being used in industries such as education, healthcare, and manufacturing to enable face-to-face collaboration, improve workflow productivity, accelerate innovation, and provide optimal customer/patient care.


telestration on glass screenThe process of drawing a freehand sketch over a video or still image. Commonly used in sports and weather broadcasts to analyze sports plays and illustrate weather patterns, live telestration can provide people in the workplace with real-time access to remote experts or mentors who can help diagnose/repair problems and assist with complex processes.

Tethered Headset

A head-worn apparatus that requires a connection to a high-processing computer.


Virtual Plant

Technology that maps out every step of the manufacturing process and then simulates it almost perfectly in a computer. A “flight simulator” for manufacturing plants, virtual plant technology allows engineers to run various critical processes, such as processing raw materials or packaging final good, and test new approaches in order to identify optimal ways to improve plant processes.

Virtual Reality

Computer technologies, such as a virtual reality headset,  that employ sight, sound, and other sensations to generate realistic, yet artificial environments. Both immersive and interactive, virtual reality has the potential to transform sales, service, and production for all types of businesses.

Voice Command & Control

The ability of a computer or machine to receive and carry out spoken commands. By eliminating the need to use the buttons, dials, or switches to operate an application, voice command and control can increase productivity in the workplace, making it easier to multitask.

Voice Recognition

The ability of a computer or machine to recognize and process verbal cues. Voice recognition can be  a powerful tool in an enterprise setting, especially in regard to security and facilitating the ability to perform hands-free tasks.

Vuzix M300/M400

vuzix m300 deviceA rugged, ergonomically-designed, and Android-based wearable computer designed to facilitate a hands-free, digital workplace. Businesses are using Vuzix M300 & M400 smart glasses to accelerate business processes, improve quality, and increase equipment uptime.


Wearable Computer

Also known as wearables or body-born computers, these are connected computing displays that are worn on the body. For the enterprise, wearable computers make it possible to support, strengthen, and enable the mobile workforce—particularly those who can benefit from the ability to do hands-free work and access real-time information.

Did you know?

Frost & Sullivan recognized Upskill as its North American Wearable Software Customer Value Leadership through Application Convergence Award.

Workflow Guidance

workflow on SkylightStep-by-step instructions using text, video, or images for guidance to complete specific tasks. When digitized and integrated into a wearable technology solution, you can access workflow guidance in realtime and capture and send information back to systems in a facility. Workers can perform actions within workflows, such as taking a picture or marking a task as complete.

Wrist-Worn Devices

A type of hardware worn on the wrist. Great for collecting data and improving productivity in the workplace, common types of wrist-worn wearables include scanners, activity trackers, and medical monitors. According to ABI Research, shipments of wrist-worn wearables are projected to triple by 2021 to reach 30 million.

Did you know?

In the 1990s, Bell Canada began outfitting phone technicians with wrist-worn PCs. This enabled them to enter data from repair sites without walking back to their trucks—saving each technician almost an hour a day.


Z87.1 Safety Rating

Created by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), a rating that specifies the standards for what best represents the protection required for specific hazards, such as blunt impact, radiation, dust and particles, splashes, and droplets, encountered in the workplace. ANSI Z87.1 certified safety glasses undergo intensive testing to ensure they will protect eyes as expected.